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If you held a mutual fund, real estate investment trust (REIT), widely held fixed investment trust (WHFIT), widely held mortgage trust (WHMT) or unit investment trust (UIT) in 2013, we may send you a revised tax information statement. Please be aware that some issuers do not make their final distribution information available until after January. See the Dividends and Distributions section of the 2013 Tax Guide for more information.
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This comprehensive and informative guide can help you or your tax professional prepare your tax returns. It contains examples, explanations and illustrations from IRS schedules to help you understand your tax information statement.
What’s New for Tax and Cost Basis Reporting in 2014
Mailing Dates for Your 2014 1099 Tax Statement*
Depending on the holdings in your account, Pershing—which provides tax reporting services on behalf of your financial organization—will begin mailing tax information statements/Forms 1099 by January 31, 2015. When you receive your statements/Forms 1099 depends on the holdings in your account.
Special Note Regarding Debt Instruments:
Debt instruments (bonds) purchased in 2014 are now covered under cost basis regulations. If you purchased bonds in 2014, your Form 1099 may report additional information for these investments. Due to the complexity of these tax rules, we will mail bond information no later than February 17, 2015.
Please refer to the information below for additional details:
Phase Date Statement Mailing Details 1 January 31 Forms 1099 will be mailed for accounts with holdings and income that typically do not require reclassification or additional information from issuers. Generally, this includes accounts holding equity-only investments and options. 2 February 17 Generally, this mailing includes issuers of mutual funds, certain unit investment trusts (UITs), real estate investment trusts (REITs) and certain equities, because the issuer provided their final tax information after January 31.
If you hold positions for which issuers have not provided final tax information in 2014, you will receive a special Pending 1099 Notice. This will identify the holdings impacting the mail date for your Forms 1099 and provide the anticipated mail date for your forms. If you have already received your Forms 1099, you will not receive this notice.
3 February 28 Forms 1099 will be mailed for accounts for which income reclassifications were received after the February 17 mailing was prepared. Generally, this includes remaining mutual funds, REITs and certain equities. 4 March 16 Forms 1099 will be mailed for all remaining accounts, including those holding certain complex, non-equity securities, such as real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), widely held fixed investment trusts (WHFITs) and some UITs. * Dates subject to change. Holding only these types of securities does not guarantee that your tax statements will be mailed on the indicated dates. Financial organizations, like Pershing, are responsible for Form 1099 reporting and must rely on issuers of securities for your tax information. Pershing’s annual practice is to request and obtain an extension from the IRS for the February 15 date on which we are required to mail IRS Forms 1099 (B, DIV, INT, OID and MISC). In anticipation of obtaining this extension—and since February 15, 2015, falls on a Sunday and the President’s Day holiday is observed on Monday, February 16—this phase of the mailing will be completed by February 17. Pershing’s 30-day extension to the mailing requirement will accommodate this phase of the mailing. March 15 falls on a weekend, so the mailing will be completed the next business day, March 16.
Corrected 1099 Forms Will Be Mailed as Needed
You may receive a corrected tax information statement/Form 1099. There are several reasons for this—for example, issuers of securities held in your account may provide updated or additional information after your Form 1099 is mailed to you. The IRS requires financial organizations to send corrected forms with revised information as needed. Please note that financial organizations, like Pershing, are responsible for Form 1099 reporting and must rely on issuers of securities for your tax information.
No action is required. Your 1099 tax statement will be mailed as soon as it is available. For faster access, consider enrolling in electronic delivery (e-delivery). When you enroll in e-delivery, you can view your tax documents as soon as they are available. Contact your financial organization about your mail delivery preferences. View additional information on Going Paperless.
Enhanced 1099 Form and Tax Information Statement
Enhancements will be made to your 2014 tax information statement, which includes the 2014 substitute Form 1099-B. More information about these enhancements will be available later this year. To learn more about last year’s changes, you can view our sample tax statement.
If you have questions related to Form 1099, please consult your tax professional.
What’s New for Cost Basis Reporting in 2014?
For the 2014 tax season, cost basis reporting requirements apply to some debt instruments and options, plus stocks and mutual fund shares. When you file your federal income tax return, you are still required to provide the cost basis (including all gain and/or loss information) for all reportable (covered) investments disposed of by sale, exchange or redemption in your tax filing for the tax year in which the disposition occurs.
Securities are considered “covered” if they are acquired on or after their applicable January 1 effective date and “noncovered” if they are acquired before their covered effective date. As an example, covered securities’ cost basis information will be reported to the IRS when sold, exchanged or redeemed, and noncovered securities and their cost basis information will not be reported to the IRS. Please note the following IRS timetable for cost basis reporting:
- January 1, 2011—Stock in a corporation
- January 1, 2012—Mutual fund shares, including eligible DRP shares and ETFs that are treated like mutual funds
- January 1, 2014—Simple bonds and options
- January 1, 2016—More complex debt instruments, including bonds with more than one rate, convertible bonds, stripped bonds or stripped coupons, payment-in-kind (PIK) bonds, foreign debt, foreign currency debt, some private issues and physical certificates
Review what is changing for the 2014 tax season and cost basis changes for debt instruments and options with your tax professional or advisor as soon as possible. If you would like additional information on cost basis changes, please visit irs.gov.
Please view this supplemental document which details cost basis changes and required actions for the 2014 tax season.
New Cost Basis Changes for Debt Instruments (Bonds) and Account Elections
If you hold simple covered debt instruments (e.g., bonds, where a yield can be easily calculated) or options, there will be important changes when you file your 2014 federal income tax return. Beginning January 1, 2014, the new tax rules require financial organizations to report the original or adjusted purchase price (cost basis) to you and the IRS when simple, covered debt instruments and options are sold, exchanged or redeemed. Purchases of these instruments on or after January 1, 2014, are covered and will be reported to the IRS. As a result, you will see these investments reported on your Form 1099-B for the 2014 tax year.
As soon as possible, you should review your current account elections for bonds with your tax professional. If you have changes, you must provide specific instructions to your advisor before year-end so your account elections for 2014 can be updated as appropriate. (The IRS assumes that taxpayers have elected to amortize their bond premiums.) This election will be made retroactive to the beginning of the tax year. After December 31, 2014, any changes made will be applied beginning 2015.
Financial organizations, such as Pershing, added the IRS defaults (see below table) at the account level last year. Your current account elections and default were recently added to your account statement. If you (the taxpayer) would like to make or revoke elections with the IRS, you are required to notify your advisor with written instructions for changing your account set up for the treatment of bond premiums and discounts.
- Review your taxable bond holdings with your tax professional before December 31, 2014.
- Notify your advisor in writing, before December 31, 2014, of the elections you made with the IRS. This will allow your account to be properly set up to comply with cost basis reporting requirements for bonds for 2014. Per IRS requirements, your financial organization will assume that you have elected to amortize bond premiums, unless written instructions are provided. If you are making changes, your financial organization should be able to provide an election document. If your financial organization does not offer one, a sample election document is available for download.**
- Learn about all available cost basis elections and accrual methods for bonds (see table below).
Please download this sample Debt Instrument Election and Accrual Method document.
This sample election document is provided by Pershing and not the IRS. This document contains debt instrument election and accrual method information and was designed to help you notify a broker of the elections or revocations you have made directly with the IRS. Due to the complexity of bond elections and accrual methods, you are strongly encouraged to consult your tax professional to determine which methods best meet your tax situation.
Cost Basis Elections and Accrual Methods for Bonds as of January 1, 2014
The chart below outlines cost basis bond elections and provides a brief description of each accounting method. These are bond elections that your financial organization, Pershing, implemented in 2014.
Elections Description Amortization Bond Premium (per §171 and §1.171-4 of the Internal Revenue Code [IRC]) The IRS requires financial organizations to assume you have made this election. The election requires Pershing to amortize your taxable premium each year and apply the premium as a reduction to your taxable interest income. Your cost basis will be adjusted for the amortization.
If you choose not to apply this election, you must notify your financial organization in writing and Pershing will not report your amortization as an offset to income and will not make amortization-related adjustments to your cost basis.
Note: Tax-exempt bonds must be amortized.
To include accrued market discount as income annually (per IRC §1278[b])
The default is to not report the accrued market discount annually as income. It also does not allow the financial organization to adjust the cost basis for the accruals.
You may make this election with the IRS and notify your financial organization in writing if you want to report the market discount annually as income.
To accrue market discount based on a constant yield (per IRC §1276[b])
The default uses the straight line/ratable method when calculating market discount.
You may make this election with the IRS and notify Pershing in writing if you want to calculate market discount accruals using the constant yield.
Original Issue Discount (OID)
To treat all interest as OID (per IRC §1.1272-3)
This election is generally made instrument by instrument. However, this election assumes the constant yield and current inclusion elections have been made and consolidates all payments. Also, interest income is reported at the accrual dates instead of payment dates even if the bond is in default.
You may make this election with the IRS and notify Pershing in writing if you want to treat all interest as OID.
Cost basis reporting requirements for more complex debt instruments become effective in 2016. Investments considered complex by the IRS include, but are not limited to, real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), widely held fixed investment trusts (WHFITs) and unit investment trusts (UITs).
**If you hold taxable bonds and need to make changes to your current account elections, the sample Debt Instrument Election and Accrual Method document describes the various elections and can be used to provide written instructions, per IRS requirements. You can complete the document and submit it to your financial organization (or advisor) for changing your current elections for the treatment of bond premiums and discounts. The document should be submitted to your financial organization only if you are making changes to your elections.
To learn more about any of the above topics, please download the Tax Guide.